Revisando a história do número: como a Etnomatemática transforma perspectivas sobre culturas indígenas

Palavras-chave: História do número, Matemática indígena, Papua Nova Guiné, Melanésia, Pacífico, Longevidade de sistemas numéricos


Muitos relatos da história do número dependem de evidências escritas como em argila, em pedra, em gravuras, em madeira ou em pinturas. No entanto, alguns dos grupos culturais mais antigos (entre 5.000 e 30.000 anos) tiveram apenas um contacto recente com o resto do mundo, nomeadamente entre 80 e 140 anos atrás, mas esses tinham culturas orais sem registos escritos. Descobrir a compreensão do número envolveu a análise dos tipos de contagem, mas também como a contagem se relacionava com o restante de suas relações culturais. Há algumas evidências surpreendentes da diversidade de sistemas numéricos, longevidade dos sistemas e interação com as práticas culturais que imploram respeito pelas culturas indígenas. Breves sumários desta história de números em Papua Nova Guiné, Oceânia e numa diversidade de sistemas são seguidos por uma reflexão sobre como esse novo conhecimento pode informar a aprendizagem de Matemática escolar em qualquer parte do mundo.


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Como Citar
OWENS, K.; MUKE, C. Revisando a história do número: como a Etnomatemática transforma perspectivas sobre culturas indígenas. Revemop, v. 2, p. e202007, 4 mar. 2020.
Perspectivas internacionais da Etnomatemática: da pesquisa à prática